Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_04_07

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(4): 53–60

 

ENHANCED SURVIVAL OF PROBIOTICS BY ENCAPSULATION

WITH PLANT EXTRACTS DURING FOAM-MAT DRYING AND

UNDER SIMULATED GASTROINTESTINAL CONDITIONS


TANGANURAT, P.*, LICHANPORN, I., NANTHACHAI, N. and CHAROENCHAI, C.


Department of Food Science and Technology

Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi

Pathum Thani, 12130, Thailand

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 2 October 2019, Published online 30 November 2019

 

 

ABSTRACT

Survival of probiotic bacteria, Pediococcus pentosaceus ARG-MG12 encapsulated in sodium alginate beads with different plant extracts (onion, soybean, and lotus root) were tested under simulated gastrointestinal conditions compared with free cells. Encapsulated P. pentosaceus ARG-MG12 in sodium alginate solution with onion and soybean extracts revealed the highest survival under bile salt. The survival increased proportionately with increasing extracts concentrations. Microencapsulation enhanced acidic survival of all probiotic strains compared to free cells. P. pentosaceus ARG-MG12 coencapsulated with 3% soybean extracts showed the highest survival of 9.98 log CFU/mL (p < 0.05) after bile salt exposure for 3 hr, while the control including microencapsulated cells without extracts exhibited 8.66 log CFU/mL of survival. Alginate coating of the soybean extracts co-encapsulated probiotic increased survival during foam-mat drying at 70°C to 98.39% compared to that of uncoated which showed 87.55% survival. Co-encapsulated P. pentosaceus ARG-MG12 stored in hard gelatin capsule and aluminium foil bag at 8°C for eight weeks showed higher survival than room temperature.


Key words: Foam-mat drying, probiotic, co-encapsulated, plant extracts

 

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Vol 48(4) November 2019

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