Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

48_04_01

E-mail Print PDF

Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(4): 1–10

 

EFFECT OF VARIOUS DIETARY PATTERN ON BLOOD

PRESSURE MANAGEMENT: A REVIEW


WAN AIN NADIRAH CHE WAN MANSOR, SAKINAH HARITH* and

CHE SUHAILI CHE TAHA


School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,

Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 10 October 2019, Published online 30 November 2019


ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a major contributor to the burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide as 25% of the world’s adult population suffers from hypertension. For people with cardiovascular disease, adherence to a healthy diet has benefits additive to drug therapy and associated with reduction in mortality of between 8 and 45%. This review focuses the effect of various dietary patterns on blood pressure management. General search of academic journals (English) on diet, dietary pattern, blood pressure, hypertension and risk published from 2010 to 2019 was conducted. A total of 20 studies were selected from two electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct). Eleven of the studies were from United States, one from Canada, China, Italy, Australia, Denmark, Spain, Germany, Brazil and Netherland. Twenty studies showed reduction in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) which range from 0.60 mmHg to 20.79 mm Hg and the highest reduction in SBP was from combination of Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet with low sodium intake. Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) nitrate-rich vegetable diet indicated highest reduction where it ranges from 0.60 mm Hg to 9.00 mm Hg. Fruits and vegetables intake should be practice to prevent the burden of non-communicable disease. This is great importance to public health and to reduce medical costs.

Key words: Blood pressure, diet, dietary pattern, hypertension, risk

 

Latest MABJ Issue

Vol 48(4) November 2019

Coverphoto

Table of content

Latest news!

Malaysian Applied Biology is listed in the databases and indexed in Thomson Reuters Master Journal List, Myjurnal, Biosis, Zoological Records, UDLedge Life Science Index, CNKI, J-Gate and CABI.

Malaysian Applied Biology is indexed in Scopus since issue 41(1) 2012.

According to MyCite 2014 report, MABJ ranked 95 out of 142 Malaysian journals in terms of yearly impact factor.