Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_03_14

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(3): 125–132

 

MOLECULAR SYSTEMATIC POSITION OF THE SARAWAK

MALAY BADGER, Mydaus javanensis


BADRUL MUNIR MD-ZAIN1*, NOR RAHMAN AIFAT1, MUHAMMAD ABU BAKAR ABDUL-LATIFF1,2,

NUR SYAFIKA MOHD-YUSOF1 and AHMAD AMPENG3


1School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia

2Centre of Research for Sustainable Uses of Natural Resources (CoR-SUNR),

Faculty of Science Technology and Human Development,

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 84600, Muar,

Johor, Malaysia

3Sarawak Forest Department Hq, Wisma Sumber Alam Jalan Stadium,

93660, Petra Jaya Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 10 April 2019, Published online 30 June 2019


ABSTRACT

The presence of the Malay badger, Mydaus javanensis, has been recorded for nearly 100 years in Sarawak, Malaysia, but it has rarely been seen. In addition, this animal is among the least studied carnivores in Borneo. The Malay badger is not protected under the Sarawak Wildlife Protection Ordinance. To initiate conservation efforts, we conducted a phylogenetic analysis to characterize the Malay badger’s genetic attributes. In August 2013, a Malay badger was trapped at Mentung Berawan, Serian, and sent to the Matang Wildlife Centre. We managed to collect its genetic materials and sequenced 356 bp of 12S rRNA and 405 bp of cytochrome b (Cyt b) genes. We portrayed its phylogenetic relationships with other Mephitidae family members and calculated its molecular divergence. Our results indicated that the Malay badger could be distinguished from its sister taxon, M. marchei. The teledu clade diverged 2.71 million years ago, after the divergences of Mephitis mephitis and Spilogale putorius.


Key words: Malay Badger, Mydaus javanensis, Teledu, Malayan Stink Badger, Mephitidae

 

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