Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_03_11

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(3): 95–103

 

CONTAMINATION LEVEL AND PREVALENCE OF FOODBORNE

PATHOGEN Enterobacteriaceae IN BROILER AND BACKYARD

CHICKEN MEATS SOLD AT TRADITIONAL MARKETS

IN SURABAYA, INDONESIA


RATNA YULISTIANI1,2, DANAR PRASEPTIANGGA3, SUPYANI4 and SUDIBYA5


1Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Engineering,

Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur,

Jalan Raya Rungkut Madya Gunung Anyar 60294, Surabaya, Indonesia

2Post Graduate Student of Agricultural Doctor Program of Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS),

Jalan Ir. Sutami 36 A, Kentingan, 57126, Surakarta, Indonesia

3Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture,

Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Jalan Ir. Sutami 36 A,

Kentingan 57126, Surakarta, Indonesia

4Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS),

Jalan Ir. Sutami 36 A, Kentingan 57126, Surakarta, Indonesia

5Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS),

Jalan Ir. Sutami 36 A, Kentingan 57126, Surakarta, Indonesia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 21 May 2019, Published online 30 June 2019


ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine contamination level and prevalence of foodborne pathogen Enterobacteriaceae in broiler and backyard chicken meats sold at traditional markets in Surabaya Indonesia. The average of Enterobacteriaceae count of backyard chicken meats (7.61 log10 cfu / g ± 0.62) were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those obtained from broiler chicken meats (6.14 log10 cfu / g ± 0.81). Overall, the prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae in backyard chicken meats was significantly higher (P <0.05) than broiler chicken meats, Salmonella spp. was the most common isolate recovered from backyard (96.67%) and broiler (81.67%) chicken meats, E. coli (backyard 76.67%; broiler 66.67%), Citrobacter spp., Proteus spp., Yersinia spp., Klebsiella spp., Shigella spp., Enterobacter spp., Serratia spp., Edwardsiella spp. and Morganella spp. Morganella spp. was found only in backyard chicken meats, and not found (0.00%) in broiler chicken meats. The high level of contamination and the prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae in chicken meats are related to poor sanitation and hygiene conditions in the traditional markets of Surabaya, Indonesia.

Key words: Contamination level, prevalence, Enterobacteriaceae, chicken meat, traditional markets in Surabaya

 

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