Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_02_20

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(2): 141–148

 

EFFECTS OF SWIMMING TOWARDS MENTAL HEALTH

IN COLLEGIATE MALE ADULTS


MAISARA WAHEEDA ADNAN1, RAZALEE SEDEK1*, SAHILAH ABDUL MUTALIB1,

ZALIFAH MOHD KASIM1, MOHD IZHAR ARIFF MOHD KASHIM2,

FAZILAH IDRIS3 and ASHRIL YUSOF4


1Centre of Biotechnology and Functional Food, Faculty of Science and Technology,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

2Department of Shariah, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,

43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

3Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

4Sports Centre, Universiti of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 10 May 2019, Published online 31 May 2019


ABSTRACT

Sports can be a non-pharmacological way to improve general human health. This study aimed at evaluating mental health among healthy male adults following swimming intervention as one of the recommended sports in Islam. A total of 28 adults aged 19-33 years old were randomly divided into two groups, swimming group (n=14) and control group (n=14). Two sets of questionnaires were employed, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the Profile of Mood State (POMS), which examined six domains i.e tension, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion, and vigour pre and post-intervention. The swimming group underwent an exercise program three times per week for eight weeks while the control group maintained their usual daily lifestyle. At baseline, there were significant differences were identified for all parameters measured in DASS and POMS excepts total mood disturbance and vigour domain between the two groups. While at post-intervention, there were significant differences between groups in anxiety and stress in DASS, as well as vigour domain in POMS (p< 0.05). After eight weeks of exercise, swimming group showed a significant reduction in all outcomes measured compared to the control group (p< 0.05). This study shows that eight weeks of swimming can exert positive effects on mental health in healthy male collegiate adults.


Key words: Spirituality, swimming, mental health, physical activity, intervention

 

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