Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_01_16

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(1): 111–116

 

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROFILES OF HONEY HARVESTED FROM

FOUR MAJOR SPECIES OF STINGLESS BEE (KELULUT)

IN NORTH EAST PENINSULAR OF MALAYSIA


SYAFIZAL OMAR1, FRANCIS KANYAN ENCHANG1, MOHD ULUL ILMIE AHMAD NAZRI3,

MOHD MANSOR ISMAIL2 and WAN IRYANI WAN ISMAIL1,3*


1Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus,

42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

2Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

3School of Fundamental Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 21 January 2019, Published online 20 March 2019

 

ABSTRACT

Stingless bee honey is one of the high demand honey in Malaysia. However, honey characters particularly from different species is lacking in order to increase its commercial value. Thus, physicochemical profile analysis of honey harvested from four major species of stingless bee in Kelantan, Malaysia, Geniotrigona thoracica, Heterotrigina itama, Lepidotrigona terminata and Tetragonula laeviceps was conducted to investigate the honey character. Character of the stingless bee honey harvested from various species from the same geographic area was compared. The results were then compared to stingless bee honey from other countries. Most of physicochemical data of stingless bee honey from different species collected from Kelantan showed almost similar values. However, value of pH, free acidity and total acidity displayed significant different results. This indicates species of stingless bee may affect the results. In order to compare local stingless bee honey with international stingless bee honey, the data was represented as mean regardless of their species. From the results, moisture content was consistently high in stingless bee honey harvested from Malaysia, Thailand, Brazil and Venezuela while, other data showed different values. The results demonstrated that species of stingless bee particularly from other countries is crucial in order to characterize the honey. However, Malaysian stingless bee honey has unique character based on physicochemical data. The data can be used as a marketing strategy in increasing commercial value of local stingless bee honey.

Key words: Kelulut honey, physicochemical analysis, stingless bee honey, Geniotrigona thoracica, Heterotrigina itama, Lepidotrigona terminata, Tetragonula laeviceps

 

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