Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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48_01_01

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2019) 48(1): 1–6

 

In vitro TOLERANCE OF RICE PATHOGEN Rhizoctonia solani

BY ORCHID MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ISOLATED FROM

ORCHIDS IN BRIS, SETIU WETLANDS


NURUL ALIAA*, SITI NORADILA, A.G., ZAITI, M.Z. and FATIN SYAKIRAH, S.


School of Fundamental Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 16 January 2019, Published online 20 March 2019

 

ABSTRACT

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a major staple food that feeds more than half of the human population in the world. However, rice production faces major loss in yield due to rice diseases including Rice Sheath Blight (RSB), which is caused by a soil-borne fungal pathogen, Rhizoctonia solani. Interestingly, the same pathogenic R. solani in rice has also been isolated from orchids and is known to form a vital symbiotic relationship, called orchid mycorrhiza. Thus, this study aims at isolating and identifying the orchid mycorrhizal fungi (OMF) present in roots of orchids at beach ridges interspersed with swales (BRIS), Setiu Wetlands and to determine their antagonistic activity towards pathogenic R. solani through dual culture bioassay. Mycorrhizal fungi were isolated from the roots of Phalaenopsis pulcherrima, Bromheadia finlaysoniana and Dendrobium crumenatum. Three isolates were identified through morphological identification to be Rhizoctonia species namely A, B and C along with one fungal isolate as Daldinia species. In vitro antagonistic test against pathogenic R. solani showed Rhizoctonia species (B) displayed the strongest anti-fungal activity with 60.46% of Percentage Inhibition of Radial Growth (PIRG) value followed by Rhizoctonia species (C) with 59.9%, Rhizoctonia species (A) with 51.02% and Daldinia species with 39.80%. This preliminary investigation shows the potential of orchid mycorrhizal fungi to be developed as a biocontrol agent.

Key words: BRIS, orchid, orchid mycorrhiza, Rhizoctonia solani

 

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