Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_06_15

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(6): 127-135

 

NEW INFORMATION ON THE POTENCY OF SPONGEASSOCIATED

ACTINOBACTERIA AS PRODUCER OF PLANT

GROWTH-PROMOTING BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS

 

DWI RETNOWATI, DEDY DURYADI SOLIHIN, MUNIF GHULAMAHDI

and YULIN LESTARI*


Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,

Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia

Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University

Jl. Taman Kencana No. 3, Campus IPB Taman Kencana, Bogor 16128, West Java, Indonesia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 21 December 2018, Published online 31 December 2018

 

ABSTRACT

Sponge-associated actinobacteria are known as bioactive compounds producers with various biological functions, but their potency as plant growth promoters is rarely reported. This research aimed to investigate the potency of sponge-associated actinobacteria as plant growth promoters. Sponges used in these study were Callyspongia sp., Callyspongia aerizusa, Carteriospongia contorta, Chelanoplysilla sp., and Diacarnus bismarckensis. A total of 53 isolates have been isolated from that sponges by serial dilution method. All isolates classified into two groups, including non-Streptomyces and Streptomyces based on their morphological characters. Screening of sponge-associated actinobacteria isolates showed from 53 isolates there are 47 isolates produced indole acetic acid (IAA), 33 isolates inhibited the growth of Xanthomonas oryzae, 29 isolates grew on free N medium, 22 isolates produced HCN, eleven isolates inhibited the growth of Pyricularia oryzae, and five isolates had the capacity to solubilize phosphate. The results suggested that sponge-associated actinobacteria have the potency as plant growth promoter candidates and might be as biofertilizer on tidal lands.

Key words: Actinobacteria, plant growth promoters, sponge

 

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