Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_05_29

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(5): 233–239

 

PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN THE METHANOLIC

EXTRACT OF Piper betle L. LEAVES


MAWADDDAH MOHD AZLAN and MARDHIAH MOHAMMAD*


Department of Biomedical Science, Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences,

International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota,

25200, Kuantan, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 12 October 2018, Published online 30 November 2018


ABSTRACT

Piper betle L. or known as ‘Sireh’ in Malaysia has been useful in treating various conditions. This study aimed to investigatevthe phytochemical compounds present in Piper betle L. methanolic extract using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LCMS). Plant leaves were ground into powder and soaked invmethanol for 15 days. Extract was filtered and concentrated using a rotary evaporator before analyses. GCMS and LCMS have identified ten and 26 compounds respectively. Phenols was identified as the major component of the extract in bothvanalyses. A new major phytocomponent was discovered in this study and recognized as actinidioinoside when identified by LCMS. This study has discovered the presence of phytocomponents with therapeutic importance, which can further be studied and be used in future treatments.

Key words: Piper betle L. leaves, methanol extract, phytochemicals, GCMS, LCMS

 

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