Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_03_16

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(3): 129–135

 

ANTIBACTERIAL AND WASH DURABILITY ACTIVITY OF

COTTON FABRIC TREATED WITH Punicagranatum AND

Citrus limon PEEL EXTRACTS AGAINST SKIN PATHOGENS

 

ROSIDA, A.*, SHARIFAH, S.S., ASDREN, Z. and NIZAM


Department of Diagnostic & Allied Health Science, Faculty of Health & Life Sciences,

Management & Science University, Selangor, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 6 May 2018, Published online 30 June 2018


ABSTRACT

Antibacterial fabric finishes on fabric is currently demanding due to increase awareness on health and hygienic lifestyles. The study aimed to investigate the antibacterial effect of Punicagranatum and Citrus limon peel extracts on cotton fabric against skin pathogens. P. granatum and C. limon peel extracts were screened for their phytochemical content. The antibacterial efficacy of P. granatum and C. limon against selected pathogens and the wash durability of the fabrics were assessed by Agar Well Method and Parallel Streak Method. Phytochemical analyses of both peel extracts were positive for all screened compounds except for alkaloids. The antibacterial efficacy assessment of P. granatum and C. limon peel extract treated samples showed antibacterial efficacy ranging from 67% up to 98% of the antibiotics (Amoxicillin and Erythromycin) against S.aureus and S. pyogenes. Punicagranatum peel extract treated sample demonstrate 10 mm and 7 mm wider zone of inhibition against L. fusiformis than Amoxicillin and Erythromycin, respectively whereas C. limon peel extract able to exhibit 1 mm wider zone of inhibition compared to Amoxicillin against L. fusiformis. The wash durability testing revealed that cotton fabric treated with P. granatum peel extract able to retain antibacterial activity up to six washings while the antibacterial efficacy of C. limon peel extract treated sample was found to deteriorate after second washing.

Key words: Antibacterial, cotton fabric, Punicagranatum, Citrus limon, skin pathogen

 

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