Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_03_11

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(3): 91–99

 

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF DYE PRODUCING

TOM JAVA (Indigofera tinctoria, L.) IN THREE ISLANDS

OF INDONESIA


MUZZAZINAH1*, TATIK CHIKMAWATI2, NUNIK SRI ARIYANTI2,

MURNI RAMLI1 and NURMIYATI1


1Department of Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,

Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126 Indonesia

2Plant Biology Study Program, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,

Bogor Agricultural University, Jln. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 Indonesia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 1 May 2018, Published online 30 June 2018


ABSTRACT

Tom Java (Indigofera tinctoria L.) has been used widely as for blue-dyeing of woven cloth and batik in Indonesia. This study aims to map the diversity of I. tinctoria in Indonesia based on morphological characters of 74 specimens collected from Java, Madura and Flores Islands. Phenotypic clustering groups were analysed using simple matching coefficients (SM) and Unweighted Pair-Group Method with Arithmetic Averaging (UPGMA). The principal component of analysis is to group the populations of tom java into two clusters. Morphological characters of Flores species differ from Java and Madura on petiole length, colour of fresh leaf, the length of lobe at calyx, the gland of flower flag, the size of wing, the absence of trichome on anther tip, the glabrous surface of pistil stalk, pod length, the remnant in the pods, reddish brown of mature pods, number of seeds, and the darker coloring on fabrics.

Key words: Morphology, similarity, tom java, taxon, dye, Indonesia

 

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