Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_02_08

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(2): 53–56

 

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF

DIFFERENT SOLVENT EXTRACTS OF Hibiscus sabdariffa

 

NUR ROYHAILA MOHAMAD1, SITI SALWA ABD GANI1,2*, ROSWANIRA ABDUL WAHAB3 and

USWATUN HASANAH ZAIDAN4

1Halal Product Research Institute (HPRI), Universiti Putra Malaysia

UPM, Putra Infoport, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

2Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia

UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,

81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Malaysia

4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology & Biomolecular Sciences,

Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 13 April 2018, Published online 25 May 2018


ABSTRACT

The use of plant extracts and phytochemicals with known antimicrobial properties is becoming commonplace worldwide and gaining great significance for therapeutic uses. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of numerous extraction solvents (hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol) on the phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of Hibiscus sabdariffa. Phytochemical screening for saponins, tannins, flavonoids, phenolic and alkaloid compounds revealed that the ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa contained all the aforementioned phytochemical constituents, for the exception of tannins and alkaloids that were absent in the ethyl acetate extract. Interestingly, the hexane extract did not afford such constituents. The ethanol extract exhibited stronger inhibitory activity against Bacillus subtilis (B29), Staphylococcus aureus (S276), Staphylococcus epidermis (S273), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 15442) and Escherichia coli (E266) than ethyl acetate extract, but the difference was less evident for the hexane extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa which inhibited only B. subtilis, as determined by the paper disc method. Base on the findings, it can be construed that the ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of HS have prospective applications as antimicrobial agent as well as one of the sources of therapeutically useful products.

Key words: Hibiscus sabdariffa, phytochemical, antimicrobial activity

 

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