Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_02_04

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(2): 25–31

 

GROWTH, ION CONTENTS AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF

SALT-SENSITIVE AND LESS SALT-SENSITIVE

CUCURBITS TREATED WITH SILICON

 

UMUHAMMAD NAJIB OTHMAN GHANI1,2*, YAHYA AWANG2 and MOHD FIRDAUS ISMAIL2


1Gene Bank & Seed Centre, Persiaran MARDI-UPM, MARDI Headquarters,

43400, Serdang, Selangor

2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 12 April 2018, Published online 25 May 2018


ABSTRACT

A study was carried out to evaluate the role of silicon in alleviating NaCl salinity effects on both salt-sensitive (cucumber) and less salt-sensitive (bitter gourd) cucurbit. The species were subjected to two levels of NaCl (0, 50 mM) and three silicon concentrations (0, 50, 100 mg L-1 sodium silicate) and data on growth, Na and Cl concentration of leaves, net photosynthesis (Pn) and stomatal conductance (gs) were collected. When treated with 100 mg L-1 silicon, growth of salt-stressed and nonsalt stressed plants for both species was significantly improved, with more beneficial effects recorded on the salt-stressed plants and salt-sensitive species. Plants treated with 50 mg L-1 silicon had 11.11% significantly lower Na+ ion in leaf compared to 0 mg L-1 silicon, regardless of species and salinity condition. Treatment of silicon at 100 mg L-1 also significantly increased net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance by 12.13 and 30.14%, respectively. However, no significant beneficial effect of silicon in reducing Cl concentration was recorded. In conclusion, application of silicon can alleviate salinity stress in both salt-sensitive species (cucumber) and less salt-sensitive species (bitter gourd) by reducing sodium toxicity and increasing photosynthetic activity which evident in improvement of growth parameters.

Key words: Salt stress, silicon, Cucurbitaceae

 

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