Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_01_17

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(1): 115–120

 

FAUNISTIC COMPOSITION AND ECOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION

OF SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLIES (PAPILIONIDAE:

LEPIDOPTERA) IN WESTERN SARAWAK

 

NUR AZIZUHAMIZAH IDRIS1*, FATIMAH ABANG1*, RATNAWATI HAZALI1 and

NUHA LOLING OTHMAN1


1Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,

94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 25 January 2018, Published online 31 March 2018

 

ABSTRACT

The faunistic composition and ecological distribution of the swallowtail butterflies in western Sarawak were studied using both voucher specimens deposited in the UNIMAS Insect Reference Collection (UIRC) and the Research Development and Innovation Division (RDID) of the Forest Department Sarawak, and specimens obtained from field sampling in western Sarawak. A total of 649 specimens were examined, representing three tribes, namely Troidini, Papilionini and Leptocircini. These specimens represent thirty-one species documented in western Sarawak and their most favourable ecological habitat is the lowland mixed-dipterocarp forest. The most abundant species is Menelaides memnon followed by Papilio demoleus. The least abundant species is Chilasa slateri, which is represented by a singleton, followed by Papilio karna and Graphium procles, each represented by a doubleton. The lowland mixed-dipterocarp forest supports the highest number of the Papilionidae species and individuals in Sarawak, probably due to the favourable habitats and high abundance of larval host plants and food sources.

Key words: Papilionidae, faunistic composition, ecological habitat, abundance

 

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