Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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47_01_09

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2018) 47(1): 57–64

 

BATS ROOST SITE PREFERENCES IN WIND CAVE NATURE

RESERVE, BAU, SARAWAK

 

MUHD AMSYARI MORNI1, FAISAL ALI ANWARALI KHAN1*, QHAIRIL SHYAMRI ROSLI1,

JULIUS WILLIAM DEE1, ROBERTA CHAYA TAWIE TINGGA2 and MOHD-RIDWAN ABD RAHMAN2*


1Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,

94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

2Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,

94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 2 March 2018, Published online 31 March 2018

 

ABSTRACT

Roosting site plays a vital role in bats existence as it provides protection from predators and bad weather. Unfortunately, little is known about bats roost preferences in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine roosting preferences of cave dwelling bats in Wind Cave Nature Reserve (Wind Cave NR). Cave microclimate and physiological parameters that were analysed in this study include roost temperature, humidity, distance of the roosting site from the nearest cave entrance and the sound intensity at bat’s roosting site. HOBO data logger was used for taking temperature and humidity level. Leica Disto D3 range finder was used to measure roost distance whereas sound intensity was recorded using Decibel Meter Version 1.6 application. There were ten species of bats from five families found roosting in Wind Cave NR. The Canonical Corresponding Analysis showed four groupings with p-value<0.0001. We also presented the relationship between bats natural diet with its ability to cope with fluctuations in roost’s microclimate. Cave physical parameters appeared to influence bats roost selection in respect to its body size and echolocation ability. Knowing these parameters helps in better understanding of roosting preferences that is important for conservation of cave bats in Malaysia.

Key words: cave-dwelling bats, cave physical parameters, conservation, microclimate, roost site

 

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