Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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46_03_27

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2017) 46(3): 227–232

COMPOSITION AND IDENTIFICATION OF POLLEN

COLLECTED BY STINGLESS BEE (Heterotrigona itama)

IN FORESTED AND COASTAL AREA OF TERENGGANU,

MALAYSIA

SUHAIZAN LOB1, NOREZIENDA AFIFFI2, SHAMSUL BAHRI ABDUL RAZAK2*,

NURUL FAZIHA IBRAHIM1 and IFFAH HAZIRAH MOHD NAWI3

1Laboratory for Pest Disease and Microbial Biotechnology (LAPDiM),

School of Science and Food Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu

2Apis and Meliponine Research Group, School of Food Science and Technology,

Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), 20130 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu

3School of Science and Food Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

 

21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu

*Email: shamsul@umt.edu.my

Accepted 7 September 2017, Published online 4 October 2017

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the composition and identify the pollen foraged by Heterotrigona itama in coastal and forested area over a period of nine months. The sampling has been conducted started from June 2016 until February 2017. Pollen composition obtained from the pollen basket of H. itama in coastal area and forested area of Terengganu was observed and recorded using optical microscope. Up until February, H. itama in coastal area had collected 14 different type of pollen, however only 10 types of pollen have been successfully identified. The identified pollen were Antigonan leptopus, Amaranthus tricolor, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Cucumis melo, Ixora coccinea, Tridax procumbens, Biden pilosa, Turnera subulata, Ixora javanica and Portula grandiflora which was the dominant pollen that has the highest percentage. Meanwhile H. itama in forested area has collected 15 different type of pollen with only 7 types of pollen have been successfully identified. The identified pollen were dominated by Asystasia gangetica followed by Biden pilosa, Antigonan leptopus, Reullia brittonia, Amaranthus tricolor, Hibiscus sabdariffa and Portulaca grandiflora. This observation could be useful for plants and H. itama conservation purposes and also in planning a suitable beescape for Meliponiculture in Malaysia.

Key words: Stingless bee, Heterotrigona itama, pollen distribution, palynology

 

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