Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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46_03_24

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2017) 46(3): 207–212

THE IMPACT OF NEW INCENTIVE SCHEMES ON REGIONAL

COMPETITIVENESS AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE

OF EAST AND WEST COAST PADDY PRODUCTION

IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

NORHIDAYAH CHE SOH1*, MOHD MANSOR ISMAIL2 and ADZEMI MAT ARSHAD1

1School of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

2Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Putra Infoport,

 

Jalan Kajang Puchong 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Accepted 12 September 2017, Published online 4 October 2017

 

ABSTRACT

The food security is a very vital issue in the world and closely related to the rice industry in Malaysia. In 2008, Malaysia and other countries worldwide suffered a devastating food crisis because rice exporting countries experienced widespread natural disasters caused by flooding that destroyed paddy fields. Such incidents demonstrated the importance of enhancing food security seriously. To tackle this issue, Malaysian government had taken drastic action to boost the country’s rice production through a new incentive scheme. The objectives of this study were to assess the private and economic profitability of four major granary areas in the East and West coast of Peninsular Malaysia in 2012/2013 production season using a Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). Based on the analysis, Muda Agricultural Development Authority (MADA) recorded the highest private profit while Ketara Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA KETARA) recorded the highest economic profit. Analysis of comparative advantage based on Domestic Resource Cost (DRC) and Social Cost Benefit (SCB) indicators showed that all areas have comparative advantage and IADA KETARA recorded the highest value. The results also showed clearly that the DRC values were higher after the new paddy incentives.

Key words: New incentives, competitiveness, comparative advantage, paddy

 

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