Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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46_03_09

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2017) 46(3): 67–70

DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIVE EFFECTS OF

TEMPERATURE, pH AND WATER ACTIVITY IN

FOOD SYSTEMS: A META-ANALYSIS STUDY

WAN ZAWIAH W. ABDULLAH1,2*, BERNARD M. MACKEY1 and

KIMON- ANDREAS G. KARATZAS1

1Department of Food and Nutrition Sciences, University of Reading,

P.O. Box 226, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AP, UK

2School of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,

 

21030, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Accepted 12 September 2017, Published online 4 October 2017

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to use ComBase to determine the relative effects of temperature, pH, and water activity in the inactivation rates of Salmonella enterica in a range of foods. This is performed to determine whether any of the above factors have a dominant effect on survival. The inactivation rates of Salmonella were obtained from original raw data in the ComBase browser and from complete ComBase data for Salmonella. A total of 972 data of different types of food systems and data of individual types of food from ComBase were analysed. Over the range of 0–90°C, the z values calculated for the food data is 14°C. At 0–46°C relevant to intermediate moisture foods (IMF), the z values for the food data was 22°C, indicating a moderate effect of temperature. The z value for inactivation at 47–90°C was 11°C, indicating that temperature has an important effect on survival. This study shows that the effect of temperature is clearer at high temperatures than in the low temperature region. It suggests that the inactivation of Salmonella in food systems is slightly dominated by temperature and that the pH and aw levels appear to be less influential.

Key words: Meta-analysis, food system, temperature, pH, aw

 

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