Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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46_03_02

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2017) 46(3): 9–14


LACTOGENIC EFFECTS OF TANNIN AND AGLYCONE FORM

OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT (AFAE) FROM Musa x paradisiaca

FLOWER ON LACTATING RATS

AZIZAH MAHMOOD1*, NOOR SALIHAH1, MUHAMMAD NOR OMAR2 and NURZIANA NGAH2

1School of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030,

Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

2Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Bandar Indera Mahkota,

Pahang, Malaysia

*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Accepted 25 August 2017, Published online 4 October 2017

 

ABSTRACT

This research is aimed to investigate the in vivo lactogenic effects of Musa x paradisiaca flower extracts, namely the aglycone form of aqueous extract (AFEA) and condensed tannin (CT) on lactating rats. Lactating rats (n=6) of Spraque Dawley with six pups each were orally administered with aqueous extract, AFEA, CT and metoclopramide. They were daily administered starting Day 5 until Day 14 and the performance was measured by weight-suckle-weight method. Results were analysed using SPSS by means of ANOVA at 0.05 and was expressed as their mean ± standard deviation. Milk production of rats treated with AFAE (4.65 ± 1.67 gm/pup/day) and aqueous extract (4.86 ± 2.36 gm/pup/day) were comparable with each other and significantly higher than negative control (3.63 ± 2.10 gm/pup/day) group. The groups treated with aqueous, AFAE, metoclopramide and CT were observed to increase milk yield by 28.03%, 24.87%, 2.63% and 2.20%, respectively, compared to negative control. The percentage body weight increment of pups for aqueous extract, AFAE, negative control, metoclopramide and CT, respectively were 148.21%, 122.29%, 113.8%, 101.53% and 87.06%. This research reveals the potential efficacy of bioactive compounds from Musa x paradisiaca flower to enhance milk production of inadequate supply of milk for breastfeeding mothers.

Key words: Lactogenic, Tannin, Musa x paradisiaca, Lactating rats

 

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