Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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46_02_10

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2017) 46(2): 77-86


SPLITTING THE EGGS METHODS: COMPARISON OF EGG
SURVIVORSHIP BETWEEN STYROFOAM AND OPEN AREA
NESTS FOR PENANG ISLAND TURTLE CONSERVATION

SARAHAIZAD MOHD SALLEH1,2*, SHAHRUL ANUAR MOHD SAH2,3 and
AHMED JALAL KHAN CHOWDHURY1

1Department of Marine Science, Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia,
Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
2Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia,
11800, Penang, Malaysia
3School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, Malaysia

*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Accepted 8 May 2017, Published online 27 June 2017

 

ABSTRACT

This research paper reports the observation of successful hatching comparing Styrofoam and Open Area nest. Splitting the eggs method was studied using green turtle (Chelonia mydas) clutch size whereby they were divided equally and incubated in two nest plots (Styrofoam and Open Area). The aim of this study is to test the rate of hatching success between the two
nest plots, as well as to measure the hatchling morphological characteristics. Results showed that eggs incubated in Open Area nest produced slightly higher hatching success (81.16%), than Styrofoam nest (74.31%). Mean incubation period of Open Area nest was 54.1 days, while in Styrofoam nest was 56.3 days, as low temperature slows down the time of hatching.
Hatchling from Open Area nest had larger straight carapace length measurement (mean HSCL=45.89 mm) than hatchling from the Styrofoam nest (mean HSCL=45.23 mm). In contrast, emergence success in Styrofoam nest shows better hatchling emergence. This research is important, as we need to know the rate of hatching success when incubated either in Open Area or Styrofoam nest. Splitting the eggs method shows that Open Area nest produced a good rate of hatching success and hatchling morphological characteristics. It is recommended to further this study to test the hatchling physical performance between Styrofoam and Open Area nest, as high energy reserved within individual’s hatchling body does impact their longer
survival to face the ocean’s predator and also for a greater fitness.

Key words: Styrofoam nest, hatching success, incubation period, temperature, emergence success

 

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