Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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49_05_02

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2020) 49(5): 11–23

 

BIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH OF AMUR

CATFISH, Silurus asotus REARED UNDER CONTROLLED

TROPICAL CONDITION


SITI UMEY SYAHIRAH MAT NAWANG1, CHING FUI FUI1*

and SHIGEHARU SENOO2


1Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400,

Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

2UMS-Kindai Aquaculture Development Center, Kindai University,

Shirahama, Wakayama, 649-2211, Japan

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Accepted 25 October 2020, Published online 31 December 2020

 

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the biological development and growth of the Amur catfish, Silurus asotuss at the early larval stage. The eggs and larvae were obtained via the artificial spawning technique. The findings showed that the eggs of the Amur catfish hatched 27 hr after fertilization (hAF) under temperature conditions of 26.9 ± 1.3°C. The newly hatched larvae (4.71 ± 0.87 mm) had a large green yolk sac (0.99 ± 0.02 mm3), unpigmented eyes, undeveloped mouth, and closed anus with one pair of developed maxillary barbels. At the 30 hAH (7.01 ± 0.41 mm), the yolk sac continued to decrease (0.33 ± 0.08 mm3), the barbels elongated, the mouth opened, the lower jaw was movable, with the peristaltic movement of the small intestine detectable. At this point, the larvae started to feed on rotifer and formulated feed. At 72 hAH, larvae (9.02 ± 0.86 mm) had developed pectoral and dorsal fin and at 12 dAH (34.10 ± 0.89 mm) and entered the juvenile stage. This study concluded that the larval development and growth of the Amur catfish is relatively comparable to other tropical catfishes hence similar rearing techniques can be adopted to enhance the overall growth performance at the later stages.


Key words: Amur catfish, larval stages, growth performance, morphological development, nutritional transition period

 

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Vol 49(5) December 2020

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