Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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49_03_05

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2020) 49(3): 37–42

 

FUNCTIONAL EDIBLE COATINGS FOR DRIED GUAVA

(Psidium guajava L.) SLICES


PUI KHOON HONG1*, SHARMILAA SEVAN1 and NUR LIYANA MOHD IZAN2


1Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang,

Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

2Kuliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia,

Bandar Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 3 September 2020, Published online 25 October 2020

 

ABSTRACT

Edible coating is an economical and effective approach towards maintaining the quality of minimally processed fruits, this concept was applied in the storage of dried guava slices. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of polysaccharide- and gelatin-based coatings in improving the storage quality of the dried guava slices. Sodium alginate (polysaccharide) and gelatin (protein) were used as the base for this model study, additives such as citric acid and fructooligosaccharide were added. Dried guava slices produced with different edible coatings were stored at 24 and 37.5°C, the browning intensity, antioxidant stability and total plate count in the formulations were monitored for 8 weeks. Browning intensity in dried guava slices was less pronounced when citric acid and fructooligosaccharide were combined and incorporated into the sodium alginate- and gelatin-based formulations (p<0.05). The same combination of ingredients helped in maintaining the antioxidant stability in the dried guava slices with gelatin-based coating. While presence of fructooligosaccharide in both of the sodium alginate- and gelatin-based formulations lowered the microbial load during the storage period (p<0.05). These findings suggest a combination of citric acid and fructooligosaccharide could be an ingredient with multi-functional effects in preserving the quality of dried guava slices.

Key words: Guava (Psidium guajava L.), gelatin, alginate, edible coatings, functional

 

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Vol 49(3) October 2020

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