Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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49_02_08

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2020) 49(2): 49–53

 

MANGO (Mangifera indica L.) LEAVES WASTE/POLYVINYL

ACETATE BIOCOMPOSITE FOR BUILDING

MATERIALS APPLICATION


MASTURI1*, DANTE ALIGHIRI2, WIDYA NURUL JANNAH1, RIFUL MAZID MAULANA1,

ULUL AMRI1, SUSILAWATI3 and SUNARNO1


1Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,

Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

2Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,

Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

3Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo,

Semarang, Indonesia

*E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Accepted 22 April 2020, Published online 6 July 2020


ABSTRACT

A leaves waste biocomposite was produced via a simple mixing and hot-pressing process. Using mango (Mangifera indica L.) leaves waste as a filler and polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) as a binder, the biocomposite was synthesized at pressure and temperature of 3 metric tons and 40°C, respectively, for 20 minutes. The weight fraction of leaves waste varied obtaining a composite having maximum compressive strength, i.e., 37.82 MPa for leaves waste fraction of 0.62 (w/w). This strength is comparable to several stones such as sandstone stone, limestone, clay brick, aspen wood, and pinewood usually used as building materials. Therefore, the biocomposite is acceptable for building materials application.


Key words: Mango leaves waste, polyvinyl acetate, biocomposite, compressive strength

 

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